The death, burial and resurrection of Christ form the central theme of the gospel message.
Old Testament Roots
God commanded them to observe the Passover feast every year, to commemorate their deliverance from Egyptian bondage. (Exodus 12:1-13:10)
Read Matthew 26:26-28
Jesus became the sacrificial Lamb of Messianic deliverance. He gave His own body and blood as payment for our sin debt to deliver us from the bondage of sin and death. The simple elements He chose appropriately represent His sacrifice.
A Feast for a King
Jesus said that He would eat and drink a new feast with them when the kingdom came.
Jesus had promised that the kingdom would come in their lifetime (Mark 9:1). He had promised Peter the privilege of opening the doors of the kingdom, which He also called His church (Matthew 16:18, 19). Peter used the keys of the kingdom on the first Pentecost after Jesus’ resurrection. He preached the first gospel sermon, which resulted in the first converts to Christianity (Acts 2:14-40).
The Lord’s Supper is a feast fit for a Messianic King and His subjects. This feast binds us together as one with each other and with the King. The feast around the Table of the Lord is “sharing in the blood of Christ” and “sharing in the body of Christ” (I Cor. 10:16).
We are invited (Christians) to this banquet for one purpose—to participate with Him and with each other in the event that brought about our victory over sin.
A Lord’s Day Supper
From their earliest beginnings, Christians assembled on the first day of the week to break bread (Acts 2:42, 20:7). “Break bread” was a term often used for the practice of taking the Lord’s Supper. When Paul spoke of “the bread which we break” in I Corinthians 10:16, he was referring to part of the Lord’s Supper.
No evidence exists, in either Scripture or early church history, challenging the practice of Christians meeting together on the first day of the week to observe this sacred meal.
When are we to Eat and Drink?
The only Bible reference to the day that the Lord’s Supper was kept indicates that it was observed on Sunday—the first day of the week.
The church’s universal practice, following the period immediately after the apostles, was to observe the Lord’s Supper on Sunday, the first day of the week. This would indicate that Sunday was a day established by the apostles, whom the Spirit guided into all truth. Being helped by the Spirit, they were able to instruct the converts to observe all things Jesus had commanded them to teach.
When are we to Eat and Drink?
Christians met on Sunday each week. The purpose for their gatherings was to take the Lord’s Supper. Weekly observance must have been a pattern established by the apostles. Those today who want to continue in the apostles’ teaching should meet each Sunday in order to partake of the Lord’s Supper in remembrance of Jesus.
Yes they met at other times, but the day they partook of the Lord’s Supper was Sunday, for on that day Jesus conquered death on behalf of mankind.
At the table, Christians experience both sorrow and joy.
Jesus wants us to remember not only what He has already done for us on the cross, but also what He is doing for us now as our King, High Priest, and Mediator. He also wants us to remember what He has promised in the future. 2 Timothy 2:11b, 12 “if we have died with him, we will also live with him; if we endure, we will also reign with him.”
We are somber and reflective, we are joyful. Jesus paid our sin debt to set us free!
The bread and the fruit of the vine remind us of His sacrificed body and blood. He is our sacrificial Lamb. We participate together by giving thanks, as He gave thanks for the bread and the wine. We celebrate our deliverance. As we commune with Him and with each other, as members of one body, we reaffirm our unity and our support of one another.
Celebrate—but recognize that God is holy and pure, while we are sinful and frail. He is not like us, but He wants us to be like Him. The Lord’s Supper provides a perfect setting for us to exercise both reverence and joy.
The Lord’s Supper is Important
This is what binds us together and holds us together as one body. The Lord’s Supper is not just a ritual to be performed, but a meal to bring us together and enable us to commune with God and with each other.